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土木工程与力学学院暨西部灾害与环境力学教育部重点实验室学术报告——高雁飞教授

日期: 2018-06-07 点击: ...
   

  应土木工程与力学学院、西部灾害与环境力学教育部重点实验室邀请,美国田纳西大学材料科学与工程系高雁飞教授于2018年6月11日-14日来我校进行学术交流并做学术报告,欢迎广大师生参加。

  报告1:Strength Statistics of Single Crystals and Metallic Glasses under Small Stressed Volumes
  报告时间:2018年6月11日(星期一) 上午9:30
  报告地点:祁连堂322报告厅
  主 持 人:高志文 副教授

报告摘要:

The plastic deformation of crystalline and amorphous metals/alloys shows a general trend of "smaller is stronger". However, most studies have been focused on finding and reasoning the scaling slope or exponent in the logarithmic plot of strength versus size. Here we show that the universal picture should rather be the thermally activated nucleation mechanisms in small stressed volume, the stochastic behavior as to find the weakest links in intermediate sizes of the stressed volume, and the convolution of these two mechanisms with respect to variables such as indenter radius in nanoindentation pop-in, crystallographic orientation, pre-strain level, sample length as in uniaxial tests, and others. Experiments that cover the entire spectrum of length scales and a unified model that treats both thermal activation and spatial stochasticity have discovered new perspectives in understanding and correlating the strength statistics in a vast of observations in nanoindentation, micro-pillar compression, and fiber/whisker tension tests of single crystals and metallic glasses.

  报告2:Nanomechanics of Atomic Friction
  报告时间:2018年6月11日(星期一) 下午15:00
  报告地点:祁连堂322报告厅
  主 持 人:高志文 副教授

报告摘要:

For well-defined contacts with sizes less than hundreds of nanometers, the friction force-displacement curves are characterized by the stick-slip behavior, which are very sensitive to surface atomic structure, lattice mismatch or incommensurability, sliding velocity, surrounding temperature, to name a few. While the stick-slip behavior can be modeled by the one-degree-of-freedom Tomlinson model, it cannot explain the role of lattice structure and interface defects. Molecular simulations, on the other hand, suffer the temporal limitations and thus have difficulties in modeling the dependence on velocity and temperature. In this work, a Peierls-type model is developed which views the sliding process as the initiation and gliding passage of interface dislocations with diffused cores. The dependence of the friction behavior on the contact size is naturally due to the introduction of the dislocation core size. The spatially inhomogeneous nature of rate-limiting processes is successfully determined, from which a quantitative comparison to the thermally activated friction behavior can be made. A number of experiments in literature will be compared.

  报告3:力学对极限材料的推动
  报告时间:2018年6月12日(星期二) 下午14:30-16:30
  报告地点:榆中校区天山堂A203
  主 持 人:高志文 副教授

高雁飞教授简历:

Yanfei Gao is a Professor at Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Tennessee, USA. He received his BS degree in Engineering Mechanics and a dual BS degree in Computer Science from Tsinghua University in 1999, and PhD from Princeton (advised by Prof. Zhigang Suo) in 2003. After a two-year post-doctoral training at Brown University, he joined the University of Tennessee and Oak Ridge National Laboratory in 2005. His research activities have been focusing on deformation and failure of advanced structural materials such as metallic glasses, superalloys, high entropy alloys, and structural ceramics. He has published more than 120 journal papers, many of which are in Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids and Acta Materialia. His research has been mostly sponsored by the US National Science Foundation and Department of Energy. 

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